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Tuesday, May 14 • 8:00am - 5:00pm
POSTER: Tightening the “Diabetes Belt”

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AUTHORS: Katrishia Bell, Eastern Connecticut State University

ABSTRACT: Diabetes, a condition where high amounts of sugar in the blood impairs the body’s ability to process glucose, has become a global concern given the epidemic proportions.  A high percentage of adult diabetics are located in developing countries and the U.S. is no exception.  The “Diabetes Belt” is composed of several states in the southeastern U.S. and is known for high rates of obesity and physical inactivity which are two of the leading contributors.  Given the physical and financial toll associated with diabetes, it’s critical to identify appropriate strategies to effectively reduce diabetes in this area.  Therefore, this analysis evaluated the spatial distribution of diabetes prevalence for the Diabetes Belt and statistically evaluated the influence of physical inactivity and obesity, as well as socioeconomic factors, to explain diabetes prevalence.  Socioeconomic factors considered included income, age, sex, educational attainment, poverty, health insurance, food stamps and poverty, foreign born citizens, race, and employment status.  Clustering of high diabetes prevalence were evident in many counties of Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, and Tennessee.  The global multivariable regression model indicated physical inactivity, obesity, and all socioeconomic variables except educational attainment were significant in explaining diabetes prevalence (95% confidence interval) yet this model only explained 64% of diabetes prevalence rates in the southeast.  The variability in the socioeconomic and health factors identified suggests the Diabetes Belt would benefit from participating in the CDC’s state and local public health actions which develop prevention strategies which involve environmental interactions, health care systems, and community programs to reduce diabetes.  

Tuesday May 14, 2019 8:00am - 5:00pm
STUDENT CENTER: 1st Floor Lobby (Appian Way Entrance)

Attendees (2)